Using monitoring data to assess groundwater quality and potential. The suitability of groundwater quality of 22 wells located in the rural areas surrounding ingaldhal defunct copper mine in chithradurga district of karnataka state. Patel2, 3indra prakash, ajay patel4 1, 2 department of civil engineering, faculty of technology and engineering, the m. Pdf assessment of groundwater quality researchgate. In the present study nine water samples of bhilai3, were collected from the different. This is a collection of five papers intended to summarize the results of an assessment of the ground water quality of the central oklahoma aquifer. Water quality assessment in terms of water quality index. Aphas standard laboratory procedure has been adopted to assess the quality of ground water. In its 1991 final report, epas groundwater task force states as part of its ground water protection principals that efforts to protect ground water must also consider the use, value, and vulnerability of the resource, as.
Most of the rivers in the urban areas of the developing countries are the ends of effluents discharged from the industries. The results of analysis carried out showed the following concentration. Research article ground water quality using standard. Ground water assessment geological survey of ethiopia. Ground water quality assessment of vadodara district, gujarat, india using gis suman agrawal1, h. Ground water quality assessment april, 2012 pursuant to section 305b of the clean water act prepared by the mississippi department of environmental quality office of land and water resources p. The system treats over 16,000 m3d of waste water and has been in operation for over 25 years. Hydro geologic or ground water parameters include the depth of the water level measured in the observation wells, the quantity or discharge of the aquifer, the water quality of the water bearing stratum, the hydraulic permeability of the aquifer, etc. Most of the water treatment plants are either not working at all or they are overloaded for their respective capacities. Since its establishment it has done a lot of studies in several parts of the country and found various valuable earth resources which at places are extracted and contributing a lot to the countrys economy. These assessment methods are used for the biennial pennsylvania integrated water quality monitoring and assessment report integrated report.
Dec 31, 2007 the aim of this study was to assess the levels of some physical, chemical, biochemical and microbial water quality parameters in twelve hand dug wells in a typical rural area igbora of southwest region of the country. Water quality is considered as a big issue in many cities of developing countries. Groundwaterquality data from the national waterquality. Assessment of groundwater quality for drinking purpose in.
The spatial distribution map of ph, chlorides, magnesium and sulphate shows that, these parameters are within range as per standard. Pdf a study of water quality index assessment of ground. Groundwater quality determination is obligatory for assessing its appropriateness for drinking and other domestic purposes. The present work is aimed at assessing the water quality index wqi for the ground water of indore city and its industrial area. Therefore, an integrated water quality assessment of the upper. Assessment of water quality index for the groundwater in. Assessment of groundwater quality status by using water quality. Assessing groundwater quality for drinking purpose in jordan.
Ground water assessment the geological survey of ethiopia has been established in 1968 with the aim of studying earth resources. Many research papers were published relating to groundwater quality analysis. Abstract the quality of ground water in juja location is of great significance because it is the main alternative source of drinking, domestic and industrial water supply. Groundwater quality is as important as its quantity, and. Deterioration of groundwater quality due to anthropogenic activities is increasing at an alarming rate in most parts of the punjab, but limited work has been carried out on groundwater quality and monitoring. Regular monitoring of ground water is required to ensure that water is safe and usable and the quality of water should be acceptable. Requirements for the design of national waterquality assessment program groundwaterquality sampling schedules to enhance data quality 29 10. Ordering information water quality assessments a guide to use of biota, sediments and water in environmental monitoring second edition 1996, 651 pages. Consequently, groundwater quality assessment is invariably directed towards factors which may lessen the suitability of pumped groundwater with respect to its potability and use in agriculture and industry.
Special thanks to the following individuals for their leadership and support in the development and publishing of this essential technical reference. Wqi is a useful tool to measure the quality of groundwater for drinking purposes. Groundwater quality, prefecture of kavala, public health, hierarchical cluster analysis, anova. Surfacewater, waterquality, and groundwater assessment of. Keywords ground water, water quality index, physicochemical. Ground water quality can be affected by the composition and solubility of rock mate. This showed that the ground water of the study area was contaminated due to the industrial effluents. Shweta tyagi, bhavtosh sharma, prashant singh, rajendra dobhal 3 carried out water quality assessment in terms of water. The papers include a summary of investigations, the diagenetic history of permian rocks in the aquifer, a geochemical characterization of solidphase materials, a summary of geochemical and geohydrologic investigations of the central oklahoma. The quality of water focuses on its suitableness for use. The water quality doesnt change much in other chemical and physical characteristics, but there may be variance in the microbial quality of water coming out of distribution system and finally that of consumer tap. This ground water samples physico chemical characteristics suggest that the evaluation of water quality parameters should be carried out periodically. Ground water ambient monitoring and assessment program. Waterquality assessment of part of the upper mississippi river basin, minnesota and wisconsin nitrogen and phosphorus in streams, streambed sediment, and ground water, 197194 by sharon e.
Analysis of groundwater quality using water quality index cogent oa. National waterquality assessment project from january through december 2014 for. Assessment of groundwater quality in a typical rural. Field samples of soil, waste water, olf runoff, and ground water collected during the study and detailed longterm process records maintained by campbell soup were used as part of the evaluation. Although spring water or groundwater products are often sold as pure. Groundwater quality assessment using the water quality index and gis in savehnobaran aquifer, iran. Savehnobaran aquifer in iran is the most important. State of mississippi ground water quality assessment april 2015 pursuant to section 305b of the clean water act prepared by the mississippi department of environmental quality office of land and water resources p. There is a need to map the aquifers to know the quantum and quality of ground water. Ground water quality assessment using gis and remote. In addition, climate change will also impact the river basinich, wh will affect both human life and ecosystem services, including water quality.
Geological survey waterresources investigations report 974107 contribution from the national waterquality. Nine physicochemical parameters such as calcium, magnesium, chloride, sulphate, total hardness, fluoride, nitrate. Geological survey usgs is a federal nonregulatory science agency with waterquality monitoring, assessment, and research responsibilities. The ground water samples of all the selected stations from the wards were collected for a physiochemical analysis. Assessment of drinking water quality and its impact on. Any particular use will have certain requirements for the physical, chemical or. States should be incentivized to increase water storage capacity, which interalia should include revival of traditional water harvesting structures and water bodies. Assessment of groundwater quality for drinking purposes groundwater quality may be degraded as a result of natural processes or human activities. Assessment of groundwater quality status by using water. Pdf on apr 30, 2018, gagan matta and others published monitoring and assessment of ground water quality in rural area of haridwar district, uttarakhand find, read and cite all the research you. Evaluation of groundwater quality and its suitability for. A physicochemical properties of drinking water in a rural setting of developing countries article pdf available january 2011 with 3,339 reads how we measure.
Kmeans clustering and principal component analysis pca are widely used in water quality analysis and management. Waterquality assessment of part of the upper mississippi. In cooperation with the municipio of comerio, puerto rico, office of the mayor. Wed like to understand how you use our websites in order to improve them. Drinking water resources are defined w ithin this report as any body of ground water or surface water that now serves, or in the future could serve, as a source of drinking water for public or private use. The resource cannot be optimally used and sustained unless the quality of groundwater is assessed. Hence the assessment of ground water quality seems to be essential. Ground water quality assessment of vadodara district, gujarat. Assessment of groundwater quality and its suitability for. Chapter 2 water quality this chapter was prepared by m. Evaluation of models and tools for assessing groundwater availability and sustainability. Evaluation of groundwater quality for drinking determines its suitability for different purposes depending upon the specific standards set by various agencies including the drinking water standards of.
Surfacewater, waterquality, and groundwater assessment of the municipio of comerio, puerto rico, 199799. Geological surveys national waterquality assessment project. The assessment of the ground water quality was carried out in the different wards of indore city. Temperature, turbidity, color, taste, and odor make up the list of physical water quality parameters. This paper mainly focusing on to assess the water quality index wqi of ground water and pond water of sirsakala village of bhilai3, chhattisgarh, india. The study aimed at mapping the potential of ground water in the location, assess the quality of ground water and relate it to the land use and land cover.
The results indicated that the water quality of the study area exceed the permissible limits of standards. The data was not in the form of normal distribution, but kriging methods had the best results. Assessment of ground water quality in madurai city by. For more information contact ground water quality program, sd dept. Index termswater quality, assessment, heavy metals. Bore well water is valuable than surface water but due to different activities done by human being this water is contaminated. The chemical and biological characteristics of groundwater in and around. Assessment of groundwater quality a case study of kondapur. Project objective the objective of the project is to complete a groundwater quality assessment and initiate water quality monitoring with the goal of maintaining a safe water supply in mendocino. The integrated report is submitted to epa, and is composed of the cwa section 305b report of the water quality status of all surface waters and the section 303d list of impaired waters.
Assessment of selected groundwaterquality data in montana. Assessment of groundwater quality for drinking purpose in rural. Hydrogeochemical assessment of groundwater quality of. The national water quality handbook is the result of a collaborative effort of the nrcs science and technology consortium. Assessment of ground water quality of central and southeast. Assessment of drinking water quality and determinants of household potable water consumption in simada district, ethiopia a project paper presented to the faculty of the graduate school of cornell university in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of master of professional studies mps by meseret belachew addisie january 2012.
The major ion chemistry of groundwater of tumkur taluk has not been studied earlier. Standard methods for physicochemical analysis of groundwater samples were employed. Water, a prime natural resource and precious national asset, forms the chief constituent of ecosystem. Reported work on assessment of ground water quality index is summarized below.
Water quality index wqi is valuable and unique rating to depict the overall water quality status in a single term that is helpful for the selection of appropriate treatment technique to meet the concerned issues. However, wqi depicts the composite influence of different water quality parameters and communicates water quality information to the public and legislative decision makers. The overall goal of a groundwater quality assessment programme, as for surface water. Water quality assessment of lake hawassa for multiple. Yamuna is the main source for the replenishment of ground water in the study area. In a study to determine the effects of polluted water used for irrigation on ground water quality and causing health problems in jamber, district qasur pakistan results indicate that use of polluted water enhance the value of conductivity, total dissolved solids tds and sodium absorption ratio etc. Monitoring water quality in the 21st century is a growing challenge because of the large number of. Wil fontenot, natural resource specialist, lafayette, louisianna.
Since most ground water is colorless, odorless, and without specific taste, we are typically most concerned with its chemical and biological qualities. Get familiar with the way water quality parameters. The objective of the study is to assess the bacterial quality of water which actually reached the people through their taps. The assessment of groundwater quality in the given area and its suitability for human consumption is computed based on water quality index values. Technical experts in any field are not known for their ability to reach agreement with efficiency.
Geological survey s computer data file watstore were evaluated for nine geohydrologic units in part of the state east of the rocky mountains and for two geohydrologic units in the western mountainous part of the stated region. Appreciate the concept of groundwater contamination and pollution. Assessment of water quality index for the groundwater 525 groundwater in the study area occurs under water table conditions in the weathered and fractured granite, gneisses. Procedures to identify the type and schedule the annual collection of. The ultimate goal is to provide a structured and consistent approach for assessing montanas waters.
India is the largest user of groundwater in the world. As contamination of ground water is a serious issue, it is required that efforts should be made to control pollution. Water quality assessment method 112811 final 1 executive summary this update of the montana department of environmental qualitys deq water quality assessment method includes a substantial change in the process. Groundwater quality can be affected by the composition and solubility of rock mate. Qualitycontrol samples for groundwater components of the national waterquality assessment nawqa program 31 11. Statistical evaluation of groundwater quality parameters. Wqi values are based on the relative weighted method acharyaz and sharma, 2018.
The simultaneous development of groundwater, specially through dug wells and shallow tubewells, will lower water table, provide vertical drainage and thus can prevent waterlogging and salinisation. Assessment of groundwater quality and its suitability for drinking and agricultural uses in the oshnavieh area, northwest of iran nosrat aghazadeh1, asghar asghari mogaddam2 1department of geology, urmia azad university, urmia, iran. In our country, more than 60 percent of the irrigation. This paper highlights the groundwater quality and compares its suitability for drinking and irrigation purpose in malwa region, a southwestern part of punjab. Water sources may be mainly in the form of rivers, lakes, glaciers, rain water, ground water etc. Water quality assessment provides the base line information on water safety. Since water quality in any source of water and at the point of use, can change with time and other factors, continuous monitoring of water is essential.
In the absence of proper planning, urbanization and. Article pdf available in environmental earth sciences. The study aimed at mapping the potential of ground water in the location, assess the quality of ground water and relate it. Water samples were collected from the lake on monthly basis and analyzed for all water quality parameters by following standard methods. Pdf groundwater quality assessment using the water quality. Groundwater quality data were collected from 5,000 wells between 19882001 first sampling event by the u. Maximum yields can be obtained if the water quality is good under proper soil and management conditions. Seasonal variations and proximity to pollution sources municipal waste dumps and defecation sites were also examined. By jesus rodriguezmartinez, fernando gomezgomez, luis santiagorivera, and mario l. The average value of each of the six water quality parameters tds, ph, ta, th, cl and f for every village has been computed from the individual sample values and given in. Malkki water quality is a term used here to express the suitability of water to sustain various uses or processes. Jan 11, 2020 the river yamuna has become a waste water reservoir due to the disposal of municipal and industrial waste into the river. After calculating water quality status of considered parameters, results are compared with is. Ground water quality assessment using gis and remote sensing.95 140 320 290 1162 1478 1187 1359 352 831 110 967 1479 1221 1262 1385 925 1006 1114 315 527 455 595 1328 619 806 720 1236 803 609 1242 1135 1012 159 1383 989 931 1079 515 1031 1473 772 735 978 625 323